Lentils and Pulses


Green Varieties : Green lentil is mostly sold as whole seed. Most of the large green varieties require early seeding because they are relatively late maturing and indeterminate.


Red Varieties : typically have grey seed coats with red cotyledons. Red lentil is sold as whole seeds, dehulled seeds, or as dehulled split seeds, and described as large, small, and extra small market classes.


Specialty Varieties : Indianhead is a black-seeded lentil originally intended for use as a green manure or plow down crop, and more recently has been marketed as a Beluga Lentil. King Red is a specialty red lentil market class with a large seed size. Small quantities of varieties of the French green, Spanish brown, and green cotyledon (Queen Green) market classes are produced in Canada.



Varieties differ in their height, maturity, and resistance to ascochyta and anthracnose.



  • Eston Class
  • French Green
  • Laird Class
  • Red
  • Richlea Class
  • Spanish Brown



  • Black Turtle
  • Cranberry
  • Dark Red Kidney
  • Dutch Brown
  • Great Northern
  • Light Red Kidney
  • Pink
  • Pinto
  • Small Red
  • White Kidney
  • White Pea



Yellow and green cotyledon peas are the most widely grown and are suitable for human consumption and livestock feed market. Marrowfat types are blocky, very large-seeded green cotyledon peas used in specialty snack food markets in Asia


  • Austrian Winter Peas
  • Green Peas
  • Maple Peas
  • Marrowfat Peas
  • Yellow Peas



Desi and Kabuli chickpeas are the two market classes produced in Canada. Desi types have smaller, angular seeds with yellow to brown seed coats. Kabuli types have a rounded seed with a cream-coloured coat.